Legends told by Arizona Indian children. Santa Fe, Trails West. In the introduction, Baylor tells how she conceived the idea of the book after visiting the elementary school in Topawa on the Papago Indian Reservation.
Archaeology in Tucson , Vol. Tucson, Center for Desert Archaeology. Illustrated in a photo is a modern reservoir charco in the Baboquivari Valley near the village of Ali Chukson. Palacios-Fest, and Lisa Huckell. American Antiquity , Vol. This assumption of seasonal water storage is a hypothesis that should be tested rather than uncritically accepted by archaeologists. They are also well supplied with horses and cattle. They have always been friendly to the whites Note is made of the fact that Papagos participated in the Camp Grant Massacre. Berkeley, University of California Press.
Refer to Key number 57, Pima Alta, which, in the absence of specific information, is assumed to include Papago, and to number 57a, Papago. References to Papago are found scattered throughout these tables. American Anthropologist , Vol. Menasha, Wisconsin, American Anthropological Association. Includes a brief overview of Papago culture as well as information on language, population, settlements, physical characteristics, environment, foods agriculture, and wild plants utilized p.
Charles Kelley, and Carroll L. A summary, including the fact that there are 11, members of the Roman Catholic Church among Papagos as contrasted with members of the three Protestant denominations, in on page Smoke Signals , 6, no. New York, Indian Association of America [? In Archaeological investigations at AZ U: Data from Fontana, Robinson, Cormack, and Leavitt concerning Papago pottery are used by way of comparison and in the analysis of the Pima wares.
Desert Magazine , Vol. A photograph of a Papago woman storing shelled corn in an olla is on page 5. Palm Desert, Desert Magazine. Ravesloot, part 3, pp. Also described are intrusive wares from the Salado, Babocomari, and Cibola areas. The impact of government policy on the Quechan Indians. She indicates she would like to be a lawyer or doctor when she grows up. A black-and-white photo of her is included.
A black-and-white photo of him is included. Begay, Alice, and Alexandria Lopez. There are also five black-and-white photos of Franko taken from his family album that show him as a young man, both as a movie extra and in his U. It is accompanied by black-and-white photographs of both interviewers and interviewees as well as by other illustrations. Haxel, and Robert J. The scale of the map , printed on two sheets, is 1: Belding, Nancye; Tamara L. Sparks, and Guy H. Minneapolis, North Star Research Institute. This is the second of four final reports on a research program conducted for the U.
The object of the program was to optimize the benefits of youth projects for Navajo and Papago youth living on reservations and in rural areas of the Southwest. Factors that are significantly related to social and occupational adjustment of Navajo and Papago youth are discussed. This is an essay about her growing up in two worlds in southern Arizona. Six black-and-white photographs accompany the article, including pictures of her Indian grandmother and of her mother and some of her sisters.
Bell, Fillman; Keith M. Anderson, and Yvonne G. The National Park Service restored the graves in the cemetery and sponsored an oral historical study to gain information concerning the people buried in the graves. Translations of the interviews with western Papagos HiaCed O'odham are published here, and they provide a wealth of historical and ethnographic data concerning these comparatively unknown people. Southwestern Historical Quarterly , Vol.
Austin, The Texas Historical Association. He describes the natives as A Pima Indians, saying there were around a hundred of them and that they A live in small round huts of wheat-straw, with an opening one-third the size of a small door, and used for this purpose. The natives dress pretty much as other Indians, one-half the body naked. Some were engaged in making red earthenware and used the ox-chip for baking.
Their principal food is wheat and is ground by some preparation, probably like Indian corn. I saw the poor Indians attending service. They seemed to me they needed something besides spiritual food. The women are dirty-looking, hair worn just below the shoulders, same as the men, and although called civilized, are very low in the scale of intelligence. American Indian Art Magazine , Vol. The baskets are made with a coil-without-foundation technique.
London, Chapman and Hall. Pagination varies between this two-volume edition and the later one-volume editions. Mission San Xavier del Bac is mentioned on p. Also see Colton Albuquerque, Horn and Wallace, Publishers. Bell , with a new foreword by Robert O. Anza and Velarde note their use of mesquite beans p. A study of the American Indian. These efforts began in April, when the reservation was visited by Rev. As of the book's writing, there were forty-two members of the Baptist church on the reservation. Executive Documents of the House of Representatives, , 1 , Vol.
Parker, Commissioner of Indian Affairs. He observes that the Papagos are scattered over both sides of the U. Wilbur has been assigned temporary agent; government wants to determine if Papagos are willing to settle on a reserve; stock raising is their specialty; large number of Papagos live outside Tucson; they are a self-sustaining industrious, and well-behaved people; there are a few Papagos living on the Gila reserve who are employed by the Pima. Report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, , pp.
Walker, Commissioner of Indian Affairs. Included in the report concerning Papagos are the following: Baltimore, The Linguistic Society of America. Lists of a hundred items in twenty-one languages are used to arrive at the conclusion that the presence of more than two solid CVC sound-meaning correspondences in languages believed to be unrelated raises a strong possibility that more than chance is involved.
Papago was selected to represent the Uto-Aztecan linguistic group in North America. Chicago, The University of Chicago Press. Human Organization , Vol. Only one of these ponds remained in use at the time of the author's study. He presents six case studies to assess reasons for the failures and one success , and suggests that experiments such as this which are presented to Indians in the guise of economic development may do long-term damage to a trust relationship between researcher and client population.
It was found that Papago Indians are considerably worse than the U. This annual report on the San Xavier Papago Reservation contains summary information on population, occupations, religion, schools, new industries, sanitation, sanitary conditions, road repair, bridge building, crops and agriculture, illegal activities, livestock roundup, and other areas.
Indian Agent for the Pima, Maricopa, and Papago. Discussed in summary fashion are the location of the San Xavier Reservation and its allotted and unallotted lands; population; day school; two classes of Indians on the reservation: It is addressed to J. Agent for Pimas and Maricopas.
There are historical and statistical data here concerning the reservation, including acreage; allotted and unallotted lands; population; farming; improvements; wood cutting; pottery manufacture; stock raising; day school; road improvement; Papago and Mexican crime; health, including smallpox; and the need for farming implements. In Annual Reports of the Department of the Interior for Report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs , pp.
Indian Agent, is dated September 10, It is focused entirely on San Xavier and includes discussion of lands, some of which are totally unfit for settlement; population; farming; crops; problems concerning sale of crops; allottee and land improvements; problems with flooding and fence repair; road construction; day school; lack of farm implements; and sanitary conditions.
Indian Agent, is dated September 3, It deals exclusively with the San Xavier Reservation and includes information on population; allotted land; farm land; flood problems; copper mining; farming; land improvement; day school; religion; crime; improved conditions and health; new purchases by Papagos; and problems connected with twenty-five Papagos who went into Sonora, Mexico, to recover cattle and horses that were theirs.
Discussed are location and size of reservation; population; religion; farming; crops; improvements; flood problems; day school; care of sick; sanitary conditions; vaccination of children; behavior of Papagos; problems with illegal liquor sales; and progress made by San Xavier allottees. In Annual Reports of the Department of the Interior. Indian Agent, is dated August 18, Discussed here are land allotments, population, crops, rainfall, water problems, flooding, need for government assistance, day school to which a new room was added , sanitary conditions, use of medicine men, and construction of public roads and fences.
Executive Documents of the House of Representatives , no. Report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs ], part 1, pp. Included here is information on population; the first allotting done and census taken in ; farming; crops; problems and damage resulting from flooding of the Santa Cruz River; water development; day school; Papagos working for the railroads in Arizona, California, and Texas; conduct on the reservation; Papagos living outside Tucson; problems with "nomadic" Papagos living outside of Tucson.
Jones, Commissioner of Indian Affairs, is dated August 28, Note is made that the San Xavier Reservation and all Papago villages were separated from the Pima Agency and placed in Berger's care on April 19, He gives population figures and provides information on farming 1, acres under cultivation ; crops; fence building; work in Tucson; problems with a non-Indian female faith healer; Papagos in villages in southwestern Pima County; San Xavier Mission day school and other schools; health and sanitary conditions; smallpox; and Papagos working for railroads in Arizona and New Mexico.
Jones, Commissioner of Indian Affairs, is dated November 25, Report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs , part 1, pp. It includes information on the Papago population under his jurisdiction; general conditions; farming failure due to drought; crops; irrigation; purchase of farm equipment; pottery manufacturing and basket making and sales in Tucson; stock raising and farming by off-reservation Papagos; employment in railroad work; educational facilities; religion; burial and marriage practices; problems with liquor and gambling; sanitary conditions; construction of new houses, jail, road, and fence; and recommendation that two new day schools be established.
Norman and London, University of Oklahoma Press. Papagos are also included in a discussion of the region's history. Historic sites with Papago materials in them are included. Heuett, Skip Miller, Julio L. Betancourt, and Thomas W.
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He examines the pre-entrenchment conditions in the San Xavier Reach, perennial versus intermittent flow, evidence for discontinuous gullies prior to the main episode of entrenchment, historic accounts of floodplain vegetation in the San Xavier Reach, arroyo-cutting in the Tucson Basin and its effects on the San Xavier Reach, and prehistoric Hohokam floodplain agriculture and riverine settlement patterns and their potential relevance for the historic record.
Terra America , Anno 10, n. Their subsistence is described as marginal agriculture and hunting-gathering, and their geographical province appears on a map on page Glendale, California, The Arthur H. In National parks of northern Mexico , by Richard D. The history of Mission San Xavier del Bac is also outlined. Fisher, revised edition, unpaged.
Edited and annotated by Arthur Woodward. Los Angeles, Westernlore Press. National Wildlife , Vol. Vienna, Virginia, National Wildlife Federation. Text makes passing mention of the Papago saguaro harvest. Tucson, Arizona Geological Society. New York and Chicago, A. The author decries calling the mission the "White Dove of the Desert" pp. Ravesloot, part 3, Appendix E, pp. Harper's Monthly Magazine , Vol. Two engravings, one on page showing the front of the mission, and another on page showing the interior, are included.
In Out West , edited by Karen Dahood. Phoenix, Republican Book and Job Print. Santa Cruz Properties, Inc. As told to Michael S. This is a book of his personal reminiscences and reflections on Papago life and tribal politics from the time of his birth through , with emphasis on the years between and Journal of Arizona History , Vol. The article is accompanied by photos of Blaine, Jose X. There are two photos, including one of a Papago basket maker and her two non-Indian students.
Spanish translation by Carmen V. Priehs and Carolyn Dodson. Among these are the ocotillo, herbs, quince, fig, smooth prickly pear, Santa Rita prickly pear, and mesquite. Tucson, Southwest Parks and Monuments Association. Bleser's talk given on this occasion, one which summarizes Kino's career among the Northern Pimans, is printed here.
In Human problems in technological change , edited by Edward H. New York, Russell Sage Foundation. Indian Department in the second half of the 19th century. Included is a presentation of the theoretical problem, the outcome of the program, and an analysis. Initially, wagons were given to people willing to build adobe houses, but by ca.
Palm Desert, California, Desert Magazine. There is considerable mention throughout of Papagos' historic connection to the spring. Journal of American Folk-Lore , Vol. Introduction geographical environment, neighboring peoples ; Origin and History of the Papago; Life and Customs of the Papago religion, mythology, influence of Christianity, ceremonials, music , games ; Occupations cattle raising, hunting, pottery, basket making ; Physical Anthropology general appearance, skeletal material, measurement of skulls, observation of skulls, measurement of bones of the body, conclusion on physical types ; and Conclusions.
Cutler, and Jonathan D. Plant remains are compared with plants used by Papagos. University of Arizona Monthly , Vol. Tucson, Students of the University of Arizona. Open File Report , no. Bolinder, Gustaf, and Johnny Roosval. This volume is a catalogue of an exhibit of photographs of Latin American colonial-period churches that was displayed in Sweden. Sherbrooke, Canada, Edizioni Paoline. Eusebio Francesco Chini, S. Trento, Edizioni Biblioteca PP. Papers of the Bibliographical Society of America , Vol. New York, Bibliogaphical Society of America.
In The Pacific Ocean in history , edited by H. Morse Stephens and Herbert E. New York, The Macmillan Company. Among other places, he visited Saric, Caborca, and Sonoita. American Historical Review , Vol. This is a summary of these expeditions in Bolton's own words. Later volumes, edited and translated by Bolton, contain the documents generated by members of these expeditions. References to Papagos concern their territory and its description pp. A sketch of Eusebio Francisco Kino, S. San Francisco, The Sonora Press.
A biography of Eusbeio Francisco Kino. References to both Papagos although Kino never used that term and Pimas, as well as to mission San Xavier del Bac, are scattered throughout.
B - An Annotated Bibliography of the Tohono O'odham (Papago Indians)
Consult the volume's index. In Wider horizons of American history , by Herbert E. Eusebio Francisco Kno, S. Introduction by John A. A biography of Eusebio Francisco Kino. Introduction by John F. In Bolton and the Spanish borderlands , edited with an introduction by John F. Norman, University of Oklahoma Press. Chief of these were the Pima proper, living in the valleys of the Gila and Salt Rivers, especially in the region now occupied by the Pima Reservation.
The valleys of the San Pedro and the Santa Cruz were inhabited by the Sobaipuris, now practically extinct people, except for the strains of their blood still represented in the Pima and Papago tribes. West of the Sobaipuris, on both sides of the international boundary line, were the Papagos, or the Papabotes, as the early Spaniards called them. Foreword by John L. Chicago, Loyola University Press. In Anza's California expeditions , Vol. He discusses Papago and Pima influence among the Yuma p.
Anza camped at San Xavier del Bac on January 8, p. Anza camped at the ford of San Xavier del Bac on January 8, p. It is where in they held funeral services for a woman who had died at Canoa giving birth to a child. There is a black-and-white photo of the south elevation of the church, convento wing, and mortuary chapel of Mission San Xavier del Bac facing p. On May 26, , Anza "passed through the pueblo of San Xavier del Bac, which has forty families of the same tribe 'Pima' , and is the head of the foregoing Pueblo" Tucson.
It is asserted that Papagos and Gila River Pimas are two tribes among whom Spaniards could now live and be served p. Juan Bautista de Anza is cited as suggestion that "to avoid the bad road between Sonora and the Yumas Mention is made of Fr.
Crespo suggests the expedition go by way of San Xavier del Bac p. There are references to San Xavier del Bac on pages vii, 7, 15, , and He observes there were a few families of Papagos "under the rule of a governor living at San Luis de Quitobac" p. He observed the "great poverty" of the village p. Mission San Xavier was visited in October, , where Font borrowed a compass p. They assert that should presidios be placed where new regulations call for their locations that Tubac, Tumacacori, Calabazas, San Xavier, and Tuquison Tucson would be without protection p.
Of the Papagos, he estimates their numbers at just under , saying many of them have moved either to settled villages pueblos or to the Gila and Colorado rivers p. He says they harvest sufficient provisions and have necessary water, that they wear clothing, and have an abundance of Moqui Hopi blankets. He also asserts that the Western Papagos are hostile to the Quiquimas but are "ancient friends" of the Yumas, while the eastern Papagos are allied with the Gila Pimas pp. He says that Yumas are at peace with the Papagos and that Papagos and Yumas were friends and "relatives" pp.
He notes the location of Mission San Xavier, saying Apaches have almost destroyed it p. Bolz, Peter, and Ann L. Scottsdale, American Indian Art, Inc. Also see Jacobsen ; Native Self-sufficiency , Vol. Forestville, California, Native Self-sufficiency. The article, critical of the proposal, raises issues of economics, law enforcement, water, and more.
Phoenix Magazine , Vol. Bulletin of the Bureau of American Ethnology , no. The program, controlled on the reservation by the Bureau of Indian Affairs, commenced in and was open to all male Papagos. In Trusteeship in change: Clow and Imre Sutton, chapter 5. Boulder, University Press of Colorado. Mary's Church in Phoenix in and their missionary work among the Pima Indians.
Added to her excerpt is a note crediting Father Walter Holly with the belief that "many of the Catholic Pimas are really Tohono O'odham, their cousins. An old O'odham village used to stand where the mission cemetery is today. It is thought that these brought with them Spanish hymns and prayers used today throughout the desert. Century Magazine , Vol. New York, The Century Company. I was worry at first time when I got redirected to the membership site. But now I really excited that I found this libraries! I don't think it will worked, but my best friend showed me this site and it does!
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